Changbai | Jilin: How to break the “pain point” of epidemic prevention and control

2022-05-07 0 By

On March 13, the Health Commission of Jilin Province reported on the epidemic situation: On March 12, there were 1,412 locally confirmed cases and 744 asymptomatic cases in Jilin province.At present, Jilin province is undergoing the most severe, direct and complicated test of the first world War since the normalization of epidemic prevention and control.On the afternoon of March 13, a reporter from People’s Daily interviewed relevant officials of the Health Commission of Jilin Province on epidemic prevention and control issues of common concern to the public.Q: How to solve the problem of inadequate capacity expansion of medical resources in some areas?A: Since the outbreak of the epidemic, Jilin Province has launched the transformation of designated hospitals into emergency hospitals, and completed all preparations for vacating and receiving patients within one day. At the same time, the construction of makeshift hospitals has been promoted to enhance the treatment capacity of asymptomatic infected patients and mild patients.At present, there are 14 emergency designated hospitals in The province with 11,482 beds, among which there are 5 in Changchun with 6,400 beds.4 in Jilin City, with 3372 beds;2 in Yanbian Prefecture, with 310 beds;Siping, Liaoyuan, Meihekou each 1.According to the unified arrangement of the province, Meihekou, Liaoyuan and Siping launched emergency plans successively, receiving 923 transferred patients from Jilin City and completing the receiving work of transferred patients efficiently.The province dispatched a total of 2008 medical personnel to support Hunchun, Jilin, Changchun and other regions to carry out medical treatment and nucleic acid testing, so as to rapidly increase the number of medical personnel while balancing the dispatch of support capacity.First, we will dispatch medical teams with critical care to make preparations for treatment.55 intensive care medical teams were dispatched from the Second Hospital of Jilin University to designated hospitals in Jilin City.Second, we will step up the support work of TCM medical teams.65 Chinese medicine experts were selected to guide the use of Chinese medicine reagents throughout the province.The third is to take over the hospital.The Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine and China-Japan Friendship Hospital jointly took over tongyuan Hospital, and the First Hospital of Jilin University took over Changchun Infectious Disease Hospital.Changchun nucleic acid testing point Zhu Dawei/photo: The province’s current overall medical supplies reserves?A: There are a total of 35 hospitals designated for COVID-19 treatment in cities and prefectures across the province.There were 18,923 beds in designated hospitals, including 18,217 daily open beds, 12,257 treatment beds and 1,282 ICU beds. The proportion of beds for severe treatment and oxygen supply capacity met the requirements.There are 883 ordinary ambulances and 243 negative pressure ambulances in the province.There are 5,497 doctors and 12,486 nurses in reserve.Medical institutions at all levels in the province have stocked up sufficient protective materials in accordance with the requirements, which can meet the needs of full operation for 30 days.Q: How can we ensure normal access to medical care for the general public, especially patients with emergency and special medical needs?A: At present, patients are mainly divided into two categories: yellow code patients and normal people.In this outbreak, Yellow code hospitals have been opened in Jilin Province for the first time, mainly providing medical services for people with health code yellow codes, such as close contacts and sub-close contacts.The province strictly implements closed-loop management for Yellow Code hospitals, and does a good job in medical treatment for people with urgent medical needs or special medical needs.In order to ensure that normal people will see a doctor after the designated hospitals are put into operation, the province issued a Notice on Further Strengthening the Service and Guarantee for Acute and Critically ill Patients during the Epidemic, requiring all localities to implement the first-visit responsibility system, do a good job in emergency and first-aid work, and ensure the treatment of critical and critically ill patients.At the same time, personnel in the region were dispatched to meet the needs of diagnosis and treatment. For example, 41 hemodialysis medical personnel and 8 pediatricians were dispatched to Jilin City to ensure the daily diagnosis and treatment of key groups.Standardize the process of fever outpatient treatment.Strengthen the management of fever control, and strictly forbid fever clinics to reject fever patients for any reason.Since the outbreak.The number of fever outpatients in the province was 1,600 per day, and the peak was 2,200 per day.Q: How can the nucleic acid testing process be standardized to eliminate potential safety risks and ensure that no one is left behind?A: On the basis of fixed sampling sites, jilin Province adopts a grid management model for all nucleic acid testing. Sampling is mainly in residential areas, and the layout is refined and improved by entering schools, enterprises and units.The nucleic acid testing strategy has been formulated in strict accordance with national requirements, based on scientific analysis and the trend of the spread of the epidemic.At nucleic acid testing sites, staff and volunteers are dispatched to maintain order.Gathered, nucleic acid detection field in order to ensure to prevent people queuing time is too long, most of the village took a storied building, time way, by WeChat group, such as loudspeakers to inform citizens down to collect the nucleic acid, also for disabled citizens on-site detection, convenient to the masses, to the greatest extent do applicants should do inspection, not missing a home, do not fall.Zheng Zhiwen/Photo q: Why is 10:1 mixed detection the main reason for nucleic acid testing?A: In nucleic acid testing, Jilin Province always combines 10:1 mixed test and single test.Rapid completion of nucleic acid testing is the top priority in the battle to win the epidemic in the province.At present, Changchun and Jilin are carrying out nucleic acid test for all staff. The 10:1 mixed test means that 10 swab subsets collected from 10 people are combined into one sample tube for nucleic acid test.In this way, the usage of sample tube can be saved by 90% and the amount of nucleic acid test in laboratory can be reduced by 90%, which can shorten a lot of time and lay a foundation for rapid and efficient isolation control.For high-risk groups such as symptomatic patients in fever clinics, close contacts and people in key areas, single sampling and single test should be adopted to avoid wasting time by repeated sampling.Source: Jilin Channel, People’s Daily app