What is Nicaragua that resumed diplomatic relations with China?TOP5 in the global gender equality index!
Not long ago, Nicaragua announced that it was severing “diplomatic relations” with Taiwan.Later, China and Nicaragua resumed diplomatic relations.Why is it called double cross?Because we had relations with Nicaragua in the past.China and Nicaragua established diplomatic relations for the first time on December 7, 1985.However, Nicaragua established diplomatic relations with Taiwan on 6 November 1990.Directly negate our “one China” policy in action.Who can stand that?So on November 9, we suspended diplomatic relations with Nicaragua.But since Nicaragua had broken off relations with Taiwan, we resumed diplomatic relations again.A wave of operations like a tiger, who can tell me what Nicaragua is?First of all, where is it?Here it is.North America has a long little tail, and on this tail there are seven countries: Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.Nicaragua’s full name is the Republic of Nicaragua, and on this tail is located in the southern part of North America, north of Latin America.We call it Central America.Nicaragua covers an area of nearly 130,000 square kilometers. How big is 130,000 square kilometers?To put it this way, Anhui province covers 140,100 square kilometers.But Nicaragua is already the largest country in Central America.Its population is about the same as Wuxi’s, and its GDP is less than one-tenth of Jinan’s.Nicaragua is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry.It mainly produces cotton, coffee, sugar cane, banana, meat and so on.There is a particularly important festival called the Corn Festival, where tens of thousands of farmers gather to display their food, which is invariably made from corn. There must be more than 100 kinds of food.Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, looks like a chessboard from above. Managua is a relatively young city with agricultural land devoted mostly to coffee, corn and cotton. It is the veritable economic center of the country.In fact, Nicaragua exports mainly coffee, meat, gold, dairy products, sugar, peanuts and so on.Nicaragua is very famous for its coffee, planted in the northwestern part of the western mountain belt, where the climate is mild, with distinct rainy and dry seasons. Coffee trees are mostly planted on steep slopes at high altitudes.The volcanic soil and shaded planting methods produce a high quality Nicaraguan coffee with moderate flavors, soft acidity and a balanced palate.As a result, coffee is heavily exported and plays an important role in the local economy, contributing $140 million a year to the national economy in the late 1990s, equivalent to 280,000 long-term agricultural jobs.Although mainly agricultural, this is a very romantic country, in Nicaragua, every lake, every volcano, they have their own legend, ever heard of the lighthouse in the Pacific?That’s The Momotombo volcano in Nicaragua, located just north of Lake Managua.As one of the last countries to sign the Paris Agreement, Nicaragua has been hailed as a “haven” for renewable energy by the World Bank.Clean energy accounts for about 60 per cent of Nicaragua’s current energy mix, with geothermal (about 20 per cent), wind (about 19 per cent) and biomass (about 17 per cent) far outpacing solar (about 0.5 per cent).It doesn’t look like the economy is very developed, the population is not very large, the land area is not big, it seems to be unknown, but you know what?Nicaragua ranks fifth in the 2020 Global Gender Gap Index.It is the only developing country other than Rwanda in the top 10, beating many developed countries in education and health care and survival.Can’t help Shouting why?In fact, the liberation of women in Nicaragua began very early, almost integrated with revolutionary history.From 1937 to 1979, Somoza sr. and his sons Luis Somoza, Anastasio Somoza Wadile successively served as president for many times, controlling the real power in the country, Nicaragua ushered in the most dark somoza family dictatorship period in modern history.In the face of somoza family’s dark rule and cruel repression, a large number of men of insight secretly organized anti-dictatorship movement, and spoke out for nicaraguan national independence, establishing the Sandino National Liberation Front.After nearly two decades of development, the leader, Daniel Ortega, led the Sandino National Liberation Front to overthrow the somoza family’s 43-year dictatorship and form a new government.Women played an integral role in the Santino National Liberation Front’s long-running struggle against the Somoza family.The proportion of women in the FNL is as high as 30%.Women are everywhere involved in vital logistical tasks such as gathering information, transporting supplies and providing food and clothing.In addition to escorting wounded soldiers at the front, some women broke the traditional female orientation of the society, picked up guns and went deep into the front to fight with men.After the war, many of the women who had distinguished themselves in the Santino National Liberation Front joined the reorganized government and held many important positions, advancing the cause of equal rights for women and men in Nicaragua.In 1990, Mrs. Chamorro was elected president.They actively participated in the cause of women’s liberation, established women’s committees and led the introduction of a series of policies to help women, such as encouraging women to enter politics and redividing the financial ownership of men and women in the family, which to a large extent eliminated gender differences.More than a decade later, the benefits of those reforms are still evident. Women are now active in politics and even in high office.According to the 2020 Global Gender Gap Index, Nicaragua has the highest percentage of women at ministerial level in the world.Over the past five decades, the number of women in leadership ranks 23rd in the world.Reference: Nicaragua: How did the small South American country become one of the most egalitarian in the world?