“Phyta whole series” Magnoliaceae (2) : Annonaceae

2022-07-25 0 By

8. Annona (scientific name: Annona) is a genus of shrub or tree plants in the family Annonaceae, order Magnolia.About 120 species, found in tropical America, a few in tropical Africa;Asian tropical areas have introduced cultivation.There are 5 species cultivated in China.(1) Morphological characteristics of shrubs or trees, bedding single or stellate hairs.Leaves alternate;Pinnate veins;Have a petiole.Flowers terminal or opposite to leaves, single or several in bunches;Sepals 3, smallish, valvate;Petals separate or connate at base, 6, 2 whorls, 3 per whorl, or inner whorls degenerate into scales or disappear completely, outer whorls long triangular or broad and flat, base or all concave, thick, valvate, inner whorls usually imbricate, sparse valvate;Stamens numerous, dense, filaments fleshy, septa dilated, apex truncate, few apiculate;Carpel numerous, usually connate, 1 ovule per carpel, basal, erect.Mature carpels fused into a fleshy large aggregate berry.(2) CherimoyaAnnona Squamosa), also known as Buddha’s head fruit, Sakya fruit, Sweets (its fruit), Yada Tree (fruit tree), Ringo (Chaoshan district, Guangdong), Mulutuo (Guangxi), Yangpolo (Longzhou, Guangxi), False Polo (Pingxiang, Guangxi)Because its shape and structure are similar to guangxi specialty fruit jackfruit), ghost (red hair) lychee (Guangdong Cantonese region, Hong Kong, Macao), Ma Wo Thorn (Yunnan Dehong) and so on, for the annonaceae annoniaceae annoniaceae is a perennial semi-deciduous small tree plants.Plant more cash crops with white and sweet flesh.Annona squamosa Linn. (Annona squamosa Linn.) small deciduous trees of Annona squamosa Linn.Bark thin, grayish white, much branched.Leaves thin papery, elliptic lanceolate, leaf back pale green;Lateral veins flat above and raised below.Flowers solitary or 2-4 clustered on top of branches or opposite to leaves, bluish yellow;Buds lanceolate;Sepals triangular, puberulent;Outer wheel petals narrow and thick, oblong;Stamens oblong, drug septa wide;Carpel glabrous, 1 ovule per carpel.Fruit composed of many rounded or elliptic mature carpels finely joined and easily separated. Berry globose or heart-shaped conical, glabrous, yellowish green, covered with white pink frost.Flowering may – June, fruiting June – November.It is cultivated in Zhejiang, Taiwan, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan provinces in China.Native to tropical America;Cultivated in tropical regions of the world.Cherimoya has the ability to activate brain cells and is commonly used outside China to treat brain atrophy.Patients often eat sakya, for the alleviation of disease has a significant auxiliary therapeutic effect, in addition, sakya fiber content is high, can effectively promote intestinal peristalsis, drainage accumulated in the intestinal stool, at the same time, it is the best antioxidant fruit, can effectively delay skin aging, whitening skin.Experts in the United States have conducted more than 20 studies on cherimoya since 1970.Cherimoya extracts were found to be effective against malignant cells in 12 types of cancer, including colon, breast, prostate, lung and pancreatic.Cherimoya also has anti-fungal and anti-parasitic properties, helps regulate blood pressure, is an antidepressant and a broad-spectrum antibiotic.In addition to tropical fruit trees, cherimoya is suitable to be planted in the garden and green space.Alphonsea is a genus of tree plants in the Annonaceae family.There are about 20 species of this genus, distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia.I made 6 species, distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Guizhou;There are 5 species in Yunnan.(1) Morphological characteristics of trees.Leaves alternate.Flowers solitary or several in fascicular inflorescences, opposite to leaves or in axils;Sepals 3, smallish, valvate;Petals 6, in 2 whorls, 3 in each whorl, valvate, as large as each other or slightly smaller in the inner whorl, but larger than the sepals, usually sassy and recurved at base;Receptacle terete or semicircular bulbose convex;Stamens numerous, anther outward, adjacent, anther apex mucronate and extending out of anther;Carpel 1- several, containing 8-24 ovules, 2 rows, styles oblong or compressed, stigma globose or subglobose.Mature carpel globose.Alphonsea monogyna (Scientific name: Alphonsea monogyna) is a genus of annonaceae, which is endemic to China.Distributed in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places of mainland China, growing at altitudes of 400 to 1,200 meters, found in dense forests and sparse forests below middle altitudes, has not been artificially introduced and cultivated.The wood is hard and suitable for building.Fragrant flowers can be extracted from aromatic oil.Listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species — Vulnerable (VU).Sagebrush (Anaxagorea) is a genus of trees and shrubs in the Annonaceae family.There are 30 species of the genus, distributed in tropical Asia and America.I made 1 kind, produced in Guangdong (Hainan) and Guangxi.(1) Plant form trees or shrubs.Leaves alternate;Pinnate veins;Have a petiole.Flowers solitary or several clumps;Pedicel short;Calyx lobes 3, valvate, base connate;Petals 6 pieces, 2 rounds, 3 pieces in each round, tweezers arranged, inner and outer round petals nearly equal, or outer round bigger than inner round, thin film;Stamens numerous, linear, septum apex mucroniculate, projecting from the outside into a terminal appendage;Carpel rare to numerous, 2 ovules per carpel, basal, erect, stigma subglobose or oblong.Mature carpels follicles, dehiscence, clad-like stalks, with 1 or 2 seeds;Seeds without aril, the seed coat is shiny.Sagebrush (Anaxagorea Luzonensis) is a species of Wormwood in the Annonaceae family.Erect shrubs, 1-2 m tall, glabrous throughout.Leaves membranous, oblong to broadly elliptic, 9 — 16 cm long and 3 — 7 cm wide, apex acute or obtuse, hainan, Guangdong and Guangxi.It is distributed in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, India, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Guangdong, Guangxi and other places in mainland China. It grows in the area of 800 meters above sea level and is mostly born in dense forests in mountainous areas at middle altitude. It has not been artificially introduced and cultivated.Artabotrys (Scientific name: Artabotrys) is a genus of climbing shrubs in the Annonaceae family.There are 100 species of the genus, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.4 species in China, distributed in southwest to Fujian and Taiwan.(1) Morphological characteristics climbing shrubs, often by hook – like pedicel climbing on its object.Leaves alternate, membranous when young, gradually papery or leathery;Pinnately veined, petiolate.Bisexual flowers, flowers usually solitary on woody hooklike pedicels, fragrant;Sepals 3, small, valvate, connate at base;Petals 6,2 whorls, valvate, expanding or slightly curved inwards, concave at base, contracting above stamens, outer and inner whorls as large or larger;Receptacle flat or sunken;Stamens numerous, adherent, oblong or cuneate, septum apex prominent or truncated, sometimes peripherally degenerated stamens;Carpel 4-numerous, 2 ovules per carpel, basal, stigma ovate, oblong or clavate.Ripe carpels berry-shaped, ellipse-obovate or globose, free, fleshy, gathered on hard receptacle, sessile or short.Artabotrys hexapetalus, also known as the Warbler’s claw, is a plant of the genus Annonaceae.Shrubs climbing to 4 m tall, papery, oblong or broadly lanceolate, glabrous, with 1-2 pale green or yellowish fragrant flowers;Sepals green, ovate, petals oblong-lanceolate, outside pilose, stamens oblong, carpels oblong, fruit ovate, flowering from May to August, bearing from May to December.Like light, shade tolerance, not cold resistance;Likes mild climate.[2] Strong adaptability, the growth of full sunshine, half sunshine or half shade can flourish.Like fertilizer, must be rich in humus, fertile loam, and well drained.Cultivated or wild in China, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.In China, it is distributed in Zhejiang, Taiwan, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan provinces and cultivated in Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Guangzhou, Gaoyao, Conghua and other places.Ornamental: beautiful tree shape, luxuriant branches and leaves, evergreen, beautiful flowers, strange fruit, is a high ornamental value of the tree species, loved by people.Suitable for flower wall, flower rack and other cultivation appreciation, also suitable for rock planting appreciation.Medicinal: the root contains eagle claw nail element, eagle claw b element, eagle claw c element, eagle claw ding element and other chemical components, has the effect of treating malaria.Root: bitter, cold.Insecticidal.Used for malaria.Fruit: slightly bitter, astringent, cool.Clear heat and detoxify.Used of scrofula.Economy: fresh flowers contain aromatic oil 0.75-1% or so, can extract advanced aromatic oil, also can extract eagle claw flower extract as making advanced perfume, essence, soap with essence raw material or for smoked tea.12. Ylang ylang (Scientific name: Cananga) is a genus of trees or shrubs in the Annonaceae family.Flowers very fragrant, can be advanced essential oil, called “ylang-ylang-ylang” oil.There are about 4 species of this genus, distributed from tropical Asia to Oceania.1 species and 1 variety cultivated in China.(1) Morphological characteristics of trees or shrubs.Leaves alternate, large;Pinnate veins;Have a petiole.Flowers large, solitary or several clustered in axillary or axillary total pedicel;Sepals 3, valvate;Petals thin, 6, 2, 3 per wheel, valvate arrangement, inner and outer petals nearly equal or smaller, green or yellow, long and flat, extremely open;Stamens numerous, linear or linear-lanceolate, anther outward, septum extending into lanceolate cusp;Carpel many, each carpel ovule many, 2 rows, stigma near capitate.Ripe carpel berry-like, petiolate or sessile;Seeds many, gray black, spotted;Endosperm with acicular projection.(2) Ylang Ylang (Scientific name: Cananga odorata) is a plant of the genus Ylang in the Annonaceae family.Native to Java, Malaysia and the Philippines in Southeast Asia.Generally born in tropical areas, Indonesia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Myanmar, Malaysia and Mainland China in Guangdong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Fujian, Guangxi and other places.At present, it has been introduced by artificial cultivation and widely planted in the tropical areas of Asia.Flower can extract essence, is the world famous “qi LAN” oil, can make high perfume.Large evergreen trees, up to 20 meters tall, straight trunks, gray bark;Leaves large, membranous to thin papery, ovate-oblong or oblong, glabrous, dorsal leaves sparsely pubescent only on veins;Flat above, raised below;Inflorescence solitary within or outside leaf axils, flowers large, yellowish green, fragrant, pedicels pubescent, scaly bracts;Sepals ovoid, outer invert, green, petals linear or linear-lanceolate, stamens linear-oblanceolate, fruit subglobose or ovate, black.Flowers from April to August, fruits from December to March of the following year.Ylang-ylang native to Myanmar, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia, is a tropical island positive tree species, like high temperature and humid environment.Cultivated in tropical regions of the world, mainly in the Comoros Islands and northwestern Madagascar;Yunnan, Fujian, Guangdong and other provinces in China.Flower has a strong aroma, can be prepared from advanced essential oil, is an important daily chemical raw material with a wide range of uses.Ylang – ylang flowers a number of clusters, shaped like eagle claw, pendulous, fragrant, can be used as ornamental plants.13. Saponaceae (scientific name: Dasymaschalon) is a genus of shrubs or small trees in the Annonaceae family.There are 16 species of the genus, distributed in tropical Asia.There are 3 kinds in China, produced in Yunnan, Guangdong and Guangxi.(1) Morphological characteristics shrubs or small trees.Leaves alternate;Pinnate veins;Have a petiole.Flowers single axillary or opposite to leaves, or terminal;Sepals 3, smallish, valvate;Petals 3 pieces, 1 round, tweezers aligned, edge adhesive tip cap shape;Stamens numerous, anthers outward, longitudinally parted, anthers apex discoid or slightly convex, sometimes conical;Carpel numerous, hairy, stigma terete or obovate cuneate, each carpel with 2 to several ovules, 1-2 rows, borne on the lateral membrane placenta.Most mature carpel, rosary shape.Dasymaschalon trichophorum, a genus of annonaceae, is endemic to China.Erect shrubs, 1-3 m tall;Young branchlets, abaxial surface of leaves, petioles, veins, and pedicels densely villous.Flowers axillary, pedicels longer, 1-3 cm long, stigma glabrous, fruit glabrous or almost glabrous.It is distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places in mainland China, and grows at an altitude of 500 meters, mostly in sparse forests or shrubs at low altitudes in hilly and mountainous areas. It has not been artificially introduced and cultivated yet.